As a parent, few things are cuter than your full-cheeked baby or the chubby knees of your toddler. For some children, however, that adorable baby fat may turn into a health concern. Today, nearly one out of four children and teens in developed countries are overweight or obese. Those extra pounds put kids at risk for developing serious health problems, including diabetes, heart disease, and asthma. Childhood obesity also takes an emotional toll.
5 Ways to Reach a Healthy Weight
Teen weight loss: Healthy habits count - Mayo Clinic
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to an extent that it may have a negative effect on health. Obesity has individual, socioeconomic, and environmental causes, including diet, physical activity, automation , urbanization , genetic susceptibility , medications , mental disorders , economic policies , endocrine disorders , and exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals. Obesity prevention requires a complex approach, including interventions at community, family, and individual levels. Obesity is a leading preventable cause of death worldwide, with increasing rates in adults and children. Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health. BMI is usually expressed in kilograms of weight per metre squared of height. The most commonly used definitions, established by the World Health Organization WHO in and published in , provide the values listed in the table.
Normal Diet for Adolescents - 12 to 18 Years of Age
Childhood obesity is a condition where excess body fat negatively affects a child's health or well-being. As methods to determine body fat directly are difficult, the diagnosis of obesity is often based on BMI. Due to the rising prevalence of obesity in children and its many adverse health effects it is being recognized as a serious public health concern. Body mass index BMI is acceptable for determining obesity for children two years of age and older.
Metrics details. Current guidelines recommend that "overweight" and "obese" individuals lose weight through engaging in lifestyle modification involving diet, exercise and other behavior change. This approach reliably induces short term weight loss, but the majority of individuals are unable to maintain weight loss over the long term and do not achieve the putative benefits of improved morbidity and mortality. Concern has arisen that this weight focus is not only ineffective at producing thinner, healthier bodies, but may also have unintended consequences, contributing to food and body preoccupation, repeated cycles of weight loss and regain, distraction from other personal health goals and wider health determinants, reduced self-esteem, eating disorders, other health decrement, and weight stigmatization and discrimination. This concern has drawn increased attention to the ethical implications of recommending treatment that may be ineffective or damaging.